California Home Prices Increased 112% Over the Last Decade, 15th Largest Increase in U.S. – Tank Town Media

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While the real estate market appears to finally be cooling down, home price growth has been a defining economic trend in recent years. Over the past decade, which has included recoveries from both the Great Recession and the COVID-19 recession, U.S. home values grew by more than 100%. In comparison, average hourly earnings saw a modest 41% increase, while the Consumer Price Index rose by just 32%. Consequently, housing affordability has taken a hit, while homeowners have seen substantial gains in their real estate wealth.

Home Price Trends Following Economic Recessions

COVID-19 home price growth is beginning to align more closely with historical norms


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Source: Construction Coverage analysis of U.S. Housing & Urban Development data | Image Credit: Construction Coverage

While recent price increases were amplified by unique factors related to the COVID-19 pandemic, above-average home price growth is a recurring trend in the aftermath of economic recessions. Following previous downturns, U.S. housing experienced robust upswings, with median prices increasing by an average of 32.7% over a five-year period. Although the brief COVID-19 recession led to an unprecedented 49% national increase from 2020 to 2022, prices have since stabilized, aligning the recovery more closely with historical norms.

However, despite a recent decline in sale prices, the confluence of persistent inflation eroding purchasing power and mortgage rates exceeding 7% has offset any potential relief for aspiring homebuyers. Consequently, monthly housing costs have recently hit a historic peak, deterring would-be buyers and causing a 12% year-over-year decline in home sales.

Home Price Growth by City & State

Idaho & Florida saw the most significant home price growth over the past decade

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Source: Construction Coverage analysis of Zillow data | Image Credit: Construction Coverage

The trajectory of economic recovery post-recession is uneven across the nation, and this trend has held true in the wake of both the Great Recession and the COVID-19 pandemic. The most substantial increases in home prices have been concentrated in Western states and select states in the Southeast. Since 2013, Idaho and Florida have witnessed the most significant growth, with median home prices increasing by 165.0% and 158.5%, respectively. Other top states include Nevada (+142.6%), Georgia (+141.2%), Washington (+136.9%), Utah (+135.4%), and Arizona (+134.8%).

Conversely, Louisiana (+29.5%), North Dakota (+32.5%), and Alaska (+37.6%) saw home price growth barely keeping pace with inflation over the past decade. Generally, the Midwest, along with certain pockets of the South and Northeast, reported the slowest growth in home prices nationally during this period.

At the city level, locations in Florida notably stand out for their remarkable surge in home prices. For instance, in Miami Gardens, FL, median home prices skyrocketed from approximately $106,000 in 2013 to nearly $436,000 today, marking a 312% increase. Eight Florida cities reported price increases of over 200%—roughly twice the national average—over the past decade.

The analysis was conducted by Construction Coverage, a website that provides construction insurance guides, using data from Zillow. To find the states with the largest increase in home prices, researchers compared each state’s median home price in 2013 and 2023. States were then ordered by their respective percentage change in median home price over those 10 years.

Here is a summary of the data for California:

  • Percentage change in median home price: +111.8%
  • Absolute change in median home price: +$394,486
  • Median home price (2023): $747,352
  • Median home price (2013): $352,866
  • Median household income: $91,551

For reference, here are the statistics for the entire United States:

  • Percentage change in median home price: +101.8%
  • Absolute change in median home price: +$175,785
  • Median home price (2023): $348,539
  • Median home price (2013): $172,754
  • Median household income: $74,755

For more information, a detailed methodology, and complete results, see Cities With the Largest Increase in Home Prices Over the Last Decade on Construction Coverage.

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